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The Haitian Diaspora

Migration is the movement of people from one place to another to settle temporarily (in transit migration) or permanently. The movement can be within the same country (internal migration) or from one country to another (immigation), as individuals, in family units or in large groups. There are four major forms of migration: invasion, conquest, colonization (European type)  and immigration (Haitian Migration type)In addition a person who moves from home due to forced displacement — natural disaster or civil disturbance — in the same country is an internally displaced person, and to another country as an asylum seeker. If this application is successful this person’s legal status becomes that of a refugee.

As a result of recurrent natural and fratricidal disasters, Haitian migration is predominantly the asylum seeker type, with rare exceptions.

[1]   Including Connecticut, and Maryland (Based on the area covered by the Haitian Consulate in New York.

[2]   Haitians are also found in noticeable quantity in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire

[3]   Linda César.  The Anatomy of the Haitian Diaspora in the U.S.  The Edge Worldwide, Inc. March 2010. 

[4]   Per Haiti’s 2012 amended constitution, Haitians are “Juis Sanguine” or Birth Right regardless of the country of birth … renouncing nationality is a voluntary act by appearing before a judge in Haiti … Election to congress and higher office implies never renouncing to his or her nationally and not having dual nationality on the date of the application.

[5]  Per the “Congrès Mondial Haïtien“, 2005, the Haitian population is estimated to be over 12 Million individuals.  Some 3 Million live in the Diaspora.  It is important to note that the Haitians of the Diaspora include the 1st comers (1st Generation), the children of the 1st comers born in Haïti, (Generation 1.5, for example, the Honorable Michaelle Jean, “Gouverneur Générale du Canada“, (Canada‘s Governor General)), the children born in the host nation of Generations 1 and 1.5 are known as the 2nd Generation, for example, Kwame Raoul, State Senator, Illinois.  The Children born from the 2nd Generation would normally be of the 3rd Generation.

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